Publications iconKansas Administrative Regulations

Agency 81

Office of the Securities Commissioner

Article 1.—Definitions of Terms

81-1-1. Definition of terms. As used in the act, these regulations, and the forms, instructions, and orders of the administrator, each of the following terms shall have the meaning specified in this regulation, unless the context indicates otherwise:
(a) "The act" means the Kansas uniform securities act, K.S.A. 17-12a101 et seq., and amendments thereto.
(b) "Administrator" means the securities commissioner of Kansas, appointed pursuant to K.S.A. 75-6301 and amendments thereto, or the commissioner's designee.
(c) "Affiliate" means a person who directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person, or who aids and abets or is aided and abetted by another person.
(d) "AICPA" means the American institute of certified public accountants.
(e) "Branch office" means any location where one or more agents or investment adviser representatives regularly conduct business on behalf of a broker-dealer or investment adviser, or that is held out as such a location, with the exception of the following locations:
(1) Any location that is established solely for customer service or back office-type functions, where no sales activities are conducted, and that is not held out to the public as a branch office;
(2) any location that is the agent's or investment adviser representative's primary residence if all of the following conditions are met:
(A) Only agents or investment adviser representatives who reside at the location and are members of the same immediate family conduct business at the location;
(B) the location is not held out to the public as an office, and the agent or investment adviser representative does not meet with customers at the location;
(C) neither customer funds nor securities are handled at the location;
(D) the agent or investment adviser representative is assigned to a designated branch office, and the designated branch office is reflected on all business cards, stationery, advertisements, and other communications to the public by the agent or investment adviser representative;
(E) the agent's or investment adviser representative's correspondence and communications with the public are subject to the supervision of the broker-dealer or investment adviser with which the individual is associated;
(F) electronic communications are made through the electronic system of the broker-dealer or investment adviser;
(G) all orders for securities are entered through the designated branch office or an electronic system established by a broker-dealer or investment adviser;
(H) written supervisory procedures pertaining to supervision of activities conducted at residence locations are maintained by the broker-dealer or investment adviser; and
(I) a list of all residence locations is maintained by the broker-dealer or investment adviser;
(3) any location, other than a primary residence, that is used for securities or investment advisory business for less than 30 business days in any one calendar year, if the broker-dealer or investment adviser complies with the provisions of paragraphs (e)(2)(B) through (H). For purposes of this paragraph, a business day shall not include any partial business day if the agent or investment adviser representative spends at least four hours of the business day at the agent's or investment adviser representative's designated branch office during the hours that the office is normally open for business;
(4) any office of convenience, where associated persons occasionally and exclusively by appointment meet with customers, that is not held out to the public as an office;
(5) any location that is used primarily to engage in non-securities activities and from which the agents or investment adviser representatives effect no more than 25 securities transactions in any one calendar year, if any advertisement or sales literature identifying the location also sets forth the address and telephone number of the location from which the agents or investment adviser representatives conducting business at the non-branch locations are directly supervised;
(6) the floor of a registered national securities exchange where a broker-dealer conducts a direct access business with public customers; and
(7) a temporary location established in response to the implementation of a business continuity plan.
(f) "Close family relationship" means either a person within the third degree of relationship, by blood or adoption, or a spouse, stepchild, or fiduciary of a person within the third degree of relationship.
(g) "Commission" means any consideration, compensation, fee, or other remuneration that is directly or indirectly incurred, paid, or given in exchange for services in connection with the offer, sale, or purchase of securities, the rendering of investment advice, or the solicitation of prospective purchasers or clients.
(h) "Control" means the possession of the power to direct or influence the direction of the management or policies of a person, directly or indirectly, through the ownership of voting securities, by contract, or by other means.
(i) "Controlling person" means a person who has control of any other person. Either of the following persons shall be presumed to be a controlling person:
(1) An officer, director, partner, or trustee or an individual occupying similar status or performing similar functions; or
(2) a person owning 10 percent or more of the outstanding shares of any class or classes of securities.
(j) "CPA" means certified public accountant or a firm of certified public accountants.
(k) "CRD" means the central registration depository jointly administered by FINRA and NASAA.
(l) "Designated security" means any equity security other than the following:
(1) A security registered, or approved for registration upon notice of issuance, on a national securities exchange;
(2) a security authorized, or approved for authorization upon notice of issuance, for listing on the Nasdaq stock market;
(3) a security issued by an investment company registered under the investment company act of 1940;
(4) a security that is a put option or call option issued by the options clearing corporation; or
(5) a security whose issuer has net tangible assets in excess of $4,000,000 as demonstrated by financial statements dated within the previous 15 months that the broker-dealer has reviewed and has a reasonable basis to believe are true and complete in relation to the date of the transaction with the person, if either of the following conditions is met:
(i) The issuer is other than a foreign private issuer, and the financial statements are the most recent financial statements for the issuer that have been audited and reported on by a CPA in accordance with the provisions of 17 C.F.R. 210.2-02, as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1; or
(ii) the issuer is a foreign private issuer, and the financial statements are the most recent financial statements for the issuer that have been filed with the SEC; published electronically in English pursuant to 17 C.F.R. 240.12g3-2(b), as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1; or prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the country of incorporation, audited in compliance with the requirements of that jurisdiction, and reported on by an accountant duly registered and in good standing in accordance with the regulations of that jurisdiction.
(m) "EFD" means the electronic filing depository administered by NASAA.
(n) "FINRA" means the financial industry regulatory authority, inc., a self-regulatory organization registered with the SEC pursuant to section 15A of the securities exchange act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78o-3, as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1, that was organized upon consolidation with NASD, its predecessor, and the regulatory functions of the New York stock exchange.
(o) "GAAP" means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.
(p) "General solicitation" means an offer to one or more persons by any of the following means or as a result of contact initiated through any of these means:
(1) Television, radio, or any broadcast medium;
(2) newspaper, magazine, periodical, or any other publication of general circulation;
(3) poster, billboard, internet posting, or other communication posted for the general public;
(4) brochure, flier, handbill, or similar communication, unless the offeror has a substantial preexisting business relationship or close family relationship with each of the offerees;
(5) seminar or group meeting, unless the offeror has a substantial preexisting business relationship or close family relationship with each of the offerees; or
(6) telephone, facsimile, mail, delivery service, social media, or electronic communication, unless the offeror has a substantial preexisting business relationship or close family relationship with each of the offerees.
(q) "IARD" means the investment adviser registration depository jointly administered by the SEC and NASAA and operated by FINRA in conjunction with the CRD system.
(r) "NASAA" means the North American securities administrators association, inc.
(s) "NASD" means the national association of securities dealers, inc., a self-regulatory organization that was registered with the SEC pursuant to section 15A of the securities exchange act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78o-3, as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1, until its consolidation with the regulatory functions of the New York stock exchange upon organization of its successor, FINRA.
(t) "Nasdaq" means the Nasdaq stock market, which is comprised of the Nasdaq global select market; the Nasdaq global market, formerly the Nasdaq national market; and the Nasdaq capital market, formerly the Nasdaq smallcap market.
(u) "Officer" means a person charged with managerial responsibility or control over a person, including the president, vice president, secretary, treasurer, partner, and any other controlling person.
(v) "Parent" means an affiliate who controls another person.
(w) "PCAOB" means the public company accounting oversight board.
(x) "Predecessor" means a person, a major portion of whose business, assets, or control has been acquired by another.
(y) "Promoter" means a person who, acting alone or in conjunction with one or more other persons, directly or indirectly founds, organizes, reorganizes, or controls the business, financing, or operations of an issuer.
(z) "Prospectus" means any prospectus defined in section 2(a)(10) of the securities act of 1933, 15 U.S.C. 77b(a)(10), as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1. This term shall not include any communication meeting the requirements of K.S.A. 17-12a202(16), and amendments thereto, or SEC rule 134, 17 C.F.R. 230.134, as adopted by reference in K.A.R. 81-2-1.
(aa) "Registrant" means a person registered under the act.
(bb) "SCOR" means small company offering registration.
(cc) "SEC" means the United States securities and exchange commission.
(dd) "Subsidiary" means an affiliate who is controlled by another person. (Authorized by and implementing K.S.A. 17-12a605(a); effective Jan. 1, 1966; amended, T-85-45, Dec. 19, 1984; amended May 1, 1985; amended May 1, 1987; amended May 31, 1996; amended Jan. 19, 2007; amended Jan. 4, 2016.)