Publications iconKansas Register

Volume 40 - Issue 44 - November 4, 2021

State of Kansas

Department of Health and Environment

Permanent Administrative Regulations

Article 18.—ANIMAL AND RELATED WASTE CONTROL

28-18-1. Definitions. Each of the following terms, as used in this article of the department’s regulations, shall have the meaning specified in this regulation:

(a) “Animal unit” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-171d, and amendments thereto.

(b) “Animal unit capacity” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-171d, and amendments thereto.

(c) “Animal waste management system” means any land, structures, or practices utilized for the collection, containment, storage, distribution, land application, or disposal of animal or other process wastes generated by confined feeding facilities. This term shall include any of the following:

(1) Site grading to divert extraneous, uncontaminated precipitation runoff around the confined feeding facility;

(2) structures designed and constructed to collect, control the flow of, and direct animal or other process wastes;

(3) vegetation cover utilized for controlling erosion or for filtering animal or other process wastes;

(4) tanks, manure pits, or other structures designed and constructed to collect or store animal or other process wastes;

(5) waste-retention lagoons or ponds;

(6) land used for the application, utilization, or disposal of animal or other process wastes; and

(7) waste treatment facilities.

(d) “Authorized representative” means either of the following:

(1) Any person employed by the department; or

(2) an entity contracted by the department to conduct inspections and the review of records required by this article of the department’s regulations.

(e) “Certification” means a document issued by the secretary in lieu of a water pollution control permit, indicating that the confined feeding facility meets the requirements of the applicable animal waste management statutes and regulations and does not represent a significant water pollution potential.

(f) “Change in operation” and “modification” mean any of the following:

(1) Expansion or enlargement of a confined feeding facility beyond the scope or boundaries established by registration, permit, certification, or approved plans and specifications;

(2) any increase in the animal unit capacity beyond that authorized by a permit or certification; or

(3) a change in construction or operation of a confined feeding facility that affects the collecting, storage, handling, treatment, utilization, or disposal of animal or other process wastes.

(g) “Clean water act” and “CWA” mean the federal water pollution control act, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq., as in effect on November 27, 2002.

(h) “Closure plan” means a written document that identifies the practices and procedures that the operator plans to use when closing the confined feeding facility or any part of the confined feeding facility.

(i) “Confined feeding facility” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-171d, and amendments thereto.

(j) “Department” and “KDHE” mean Kansas department of health and environment.

(k) “Director” means director of the division of environment of the Kansas department of health and environment.

(l) “Division” means division of environment, Kansas department of health and environment.

(m) “Entity” means a person, individual, association, company, corporation, institution, group of individuals, joint venture, partnership, trust, or federal, state, county, or municipal agency or department legally capable of conducting business or owning real or personal  property in Kansas.

(n) “Environmental protection agency” and “EPA” mean United States environmental protection agency.

(o) “Equus Beds” means an aquifer underlying the sections of land listed in the following table:

County Range Township Section
Harvey 01W 22S 06, 07, 18, 19, 30, 31
Harvey 01W 23S 06, 07, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
Harvey 01W 24S 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
Harvey 02W 22S All sections
Harvey 02W 23S All sections
Harvey 02W 24S All sections
Harvey 03W 22S All sections
Harvey 03W 23S All sections
Harvey 03W 24S All sections
McPherson 01W 19S 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
McPherson 01W 20S 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33
McPherson 01W 21S 05, 06, 07, 18, 19, 30, 31
McPherson 02W 19S 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36
McPherson 02W 20S All sections
McPherson 02W 21S All sections
McPherson 03W 18S 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33
McPherson 03W 19S 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36
McPherson 03W 20S All sections
McPherson 03W 21S All sections
McPherson 04W 18S 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36
McPherson 04W 19S 01, 02, 03, 04, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36
McPherson 04W 20S 01, 02, 03, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 33, 34, 35, 36
McPherson 04W 21S 01, 02, 03, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36
Reno 04W 22S All sections
Reno 04W 23S All sections
Reno 04W 24S All sections
Reno 04W 25S All sections
Reno 04W 26S All sections
Reno 05W 22S All sections
Reno 05W 23S All sections
Reno 05W 24S All sections
Reno 05W 25S All sections
Reno 05W 26S All sections
Reno 06W 22S All sections
Reno 06W 23S All sections
Reno 06W 24S All sections
Reno 06W 25S All sections
Reno 06W 26S All sections
Reno 07W 22S All sections
Reno 07W 23S All sections
Reno 07W 24S All sections
Reno 07W 25S All sections
Reno 07W 26S All sections
Reno 08W 22S 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36
Reno 08W 23S All sections
Reno 08W 24S All sections
Reno 08W 25S All sections
Reno 08W 26S All sections
Sedgwick 01E 25S 05, 06, 07, 08, 17, 18, 19, 20, 29, 30, 31, 32
Sedgwick 01E 26S 05, 06, 07, 08, 17, 18, 19, 20
Sedgwick 01W 25S All sections
Sedgwick 01W 26S 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32
Sedgwick 01W 27S 05, 06
Sedgwick 02W 25S All sections
Sedgwick 02W 26S All sections
Sedgwick 02W 27S 01
Sedgwick 03W 25S All sections
Sedgwick 03W 26S All sections

(p) “Federal permit,” “national pollutant discharge elimination system permit,” and “NPDES permit” mean an authorization, license, or equivalent control document issued by the EPA or an approved state to implement the requirements of 40 C.F.R. parts 122, 123, 124, and 412.

(q) “Food animals” means animals, fish, or fowl produced for consumption.

(r) “Fur animals” means animals raised for the skin, pelt, or fur.

(s) “Groundwater” means water located under the surface of the land that is or can be the source of supply for wells, springs, seeps, or streams, or that is held in aquifers. Groundwater shall be considered capable of being a source of supply for wells if at least one of the following conditions is met:

(1) The groundwater can be produced at a rate of 10 gallons or more per hour from a borehole with a diameter of nine or fewer inches. In determining the groundwater production rate for an excavation, borehole, or existing water or monitoring well, the quantity of produced water shall be adjusted for comparison purposes to the surface area of a borehole with a diameter of nine inches.

(2) The groundwater is currently being used within ½ mile of the proposed waste-retention lagoon or pond, regardless of the rate at which the groundwater can be produced.

(3) There is evidence of past groundwater use within ½ mile of the proposed waste-retention lagoon or pond.

(t) “Habitable structure” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-171d, and amendments thereto.

(u) “Impermeable synthetic membrane liner” means a commercially manufactured membrane liner composed of synthetic materials commonly identified as being plastic, plastic polymer, or other synthetic materials that, when installed, provide for the more stringent of either of the following:

(1) A maximum monitored or calculated seepage rate of 1/64 inch per day; or

(2) the liner manufacturer’s criteria for the maximum monitored or calculated seepage rate for the installed membrane liner, expressed in units of volume per unit area per unit of time (gallons per square foot per day).

(v) “Land application” means the distribution of animal or other process wastes onto, or incorporation into, the soil mantle for the purpose of disposal or utilization by crops or vegetation.

(w) “Liner” means any designed barrier in the form of in situ, layer, membrane, or blanket materials utilized or installed to reduce the potential for a significant hydrologic connection between animal or other process wastes that are controlled or retained by animal waste management systems and waters of the state.

(x) “Maximum soil liner seepage rate” and “specific discharge” mean the flow rate of water through the liner of a waste-retention lagoon or pond and shall be expressed as velocity (distance/time). The maximum seepage rate shall be calculated as v = k(h/d), in which “k” is the hydraulic conductivity (coefficient of permeability) and “(h/d)” is the hydraulic gradient. The hydraulic gradient is the maximum vertical distance “h” measured from the liquid surface to the liner bottom, divided by the thickness of the soil liner “d.” When calculating the maximum seepage rate, the maximum design depth, not including design freeboard, shall be used.

(y) “Minimum standards of design, construction, and maintenance” means the following:

(1) Effluent standards and limitations;

(2) other performance standards for treatment or utilization; and

(3) other standards of design, construction, and maintenance for confined feeding facilities or animal waste management systems, published by KDHE.

(z) “Monitoring” means all procedures using any of the following methods:

(1) Either systematic inspection or collection and analysis of data on the operational parameters of a confined feeding facility or an animal waste management system; or

(2) the systematic collection and analysis of data on the quality of the animal or other process wastes, groundwater, surface water, or soils on or in the vicinity of the confined feeding facility or animal waste management system.

(aa) “National pollutant discharge elimination system” and “NPDES” mean the national system for the issuance of permits under 33 U.S.C. section 1342 and shall include any state or interstate program that has been approved by the EPA administrator, in whole or in part, pursuant to 33 U.S.C. section 1342.

(bb) “Nutrient management plan” means a written document that identifies the practices and procedures that an operator required to obtain a federal permit plans to use to operate and maintain the animal waste management system and to manage the handling, storage, utilization, and disposal of wastes generated by the confined feeding facility.

(cc) “Oil or gas well” has the meaning specified for the term “well” in K.S.A. 55-150, and amendments thereto.

(dd) “Operator” means an individual, association, company, corporation, municipality, group of individuals, joint venture, partnership, entity, state or federal agency or department, or any business owning, leasing, or having charge or control of one or more confined feeding facilities.

(ee) “Pleasure animals” means dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, and exotic animals.

(ff) “Point source” has the meaning specified in K.A.R. 28-16-28b.

(gg) “Pollution” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-171d, and amendments thereto.

(hh) “Precipitation runoff” means the rainwater or the meltwater that is derived from snow, hail, sleet, or other forms of atmospheric precipitation and that flows by gravity over the surface of the land.

(ii)(1) “Process wastes” means any of the following:

(A) Excrement from animals, wastewater, and animal carcasses;

(B) precipitation that comes into contact with any manure, litter, bedding, or other raw, intermediate, or final material or product used in or resulting from the production of animals or direct products, including meat, milk, and eggs;

(C) spillage or overflow from animal or poultry watering systems;

(D) wastes from washing, cleaning, or flushing pens, barns, manure pits, equipment, trucks, trailers, milking parlors, milking equipment, and other associated animal facilities;

(E) wastes from washing animals or spraying animals for cooling;

(F) wastes from dust control;

(G) boiler blowdown and water softener regenerate wastes;

(H) precipitation runoff from confinement, loading, and unloading areas;

(I) spillage of feed, molasses, animal wastes, or any other process wastes described in this regulation;

(J) discharges from land application fields that occur during application;

(K) precipitation runoff from land application fields, if liquid or concentrated liquid wastes are applied during frozen, snow-covered, or saturated soil conditions without approval by the department;

(L) raw, intermediate, or finished materials associated with wastes or contaminated storm water runoff from animal waste or dead animal composting operations;

(M) silo liquors; or

(N) flows or runoff from waste storage areas.

(2) Process wastes shall not include animal wastes spilled by trucks transporting livestock on city, township, county, state, or federal streets, roads, or highways.

(jj) “Public livestock market” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 47-1001, and amendments thereto. This term shall include public livestock markets where federal veterinary inspections are regularly conducted.

(kk) “Registration” means any required fee and the properly completed and executed documents designated by the division and any additional required documents or information necessary for determining the need for a water pollution control permit.

(ll) “Salt solution mining well” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 55-1,120, and amendments thereto.

(mm) “Secretary” means secretary of the Kansas department of health and environment.

(nn)(1) “Sensitive groundwater areas” means aquifers generally comprised of alluvial aquifers, the area within the boundaries of the Equus Beds groundwater management district no. 2 (GMD #2), and the dune sand area located south of the great bend of the Arkansas River. A sensitive groundwater area shall be any section of land specified in the department’s “Kansas sensitive groundwater areas for wastewater lagoons,” which is adopted by reference in K.A.R. 28-16-160.

(2) Any operator proposing a new animal waste-retention lagoon or expansion of an existing animal waste-retention lagoon may request that the director make a site-specific sensitive groundwater area determination. The request shall be submitted in writing to the director. The request shall contain supporting data and information and an explanation of why the area in question should not be considered a sensitive groundwater area.

(oo) “Sewage” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-164, and amendments thereto.

(pp) “Significant water pollution potential” means any of the following, as determined by the secretary:

(1) A confined feeding facility that utilizes any of the following:

(A) Structures designed and constructed to control the flow of or direct animal or other process wastes;

(B) structures designed and constructed to collect or store animal or other process wastes in tanks, manure pits, or other containment structures;

(C) waste-retention lagoons or ponds; or

(D) a waste treatment facility or facilities;

(2) lots, pens, or concentrated feeding areas with creeks, streams, intermittent waterways, or any other conveying channel or device that has the potential to carry pollutants to waters of the state running through or proximate to the lots, pens, or concentrated feeding areas;

(3) any confined feeding facility that cannot retain or control animal or other process wastes on the confined feeding facility or property or adjacent property with the permission of the owner of the adjacent property; or

(4) a confined feeding facility that uses methods of improper collection, handling, or disposal of animal or other process wastes that have the potential to degrade or impair the quality of any waters of the state.

(qq) “Surface waters,” for water quality purposes, has the meaning specified in K.A.R. 28-16-28b.

(rr) “Truck-washing facility for animal wastes” means a truck-washing facility that exists solely for the purpose of washing animal wastes from trucks or trailers.

(ss) “Variance” means the secretary’s written approval or permit authorizing a proposed action that knowingly results in a lack of conformity with one or more provisions of the minimum standards of design, construction, and maintenance. Each variance authorized by the secretary shall be deemed to protect public health and the environment and to comply with the federal NPDES permit requirements.

(tt) “Waste management plan” means a written document that identifies the practices and procedures that an operator not required to obtain a federal permit plans to use to operate and maintain the animal waste management system and to manage the handling, storage, utilization, and disposal of wastes generated by the confined feeding facility.

(uu) “Waste-retention lagoon or pond” means excavated or diked structures or natural depressions provided for or used for the purpose of containing or detaining animal or other process wastes. Discharges from waste-retention lagoons or ponds shall not be allowed, except as authorized by a water pollution control permit.

(vv) “Waste treatment facility” means a structure or device that collects, stores, stabilizes, treats, or otherwise controls pollutants, so that after the discharge, disposal, or land application of treated wastes, water pollution is prevented and public health and the waters of the state are protected.

(ww) “Water pollution control permit” and “permit” mean an authorization, license, or equivalent control document issued by the secretary. This term shall not include any document that has not yet been the subject of final action by the secretary.

(xx) “Water quality standards” means the Kansas surface water quality standards specified in K.A.R. 28-16-28b through K.A.R. 28-16-28h.

(yy) “Water well” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 82a-1203, and amendments thereto.

(zz) “Waters of the state” has the meaning specified in K.S.A. 65-161, and amendments thereto.

(aaa) “Whole pond seepage test” means a measurement of the evaporation from, and the change in water level of, a waste-retention lagoon, pond, or structure or a swine waste-retention lagoon, pond, or structure using either of the following:

(1) Any method that meets the requirements specified in the section titled “conclusion: recommendations for a standard” on pages 9-12 in “standards for measuring seepage from anaerobic lagoons and manure storages,” by Jay M. Ham, Ph.D., and Tom M. DeSutter, dated 2003. This section is hereby adopted by reference; or

(2) any equivalent method at least as protective of public health, safety, and the environment approved by the secretary. (Authorized by K.S.A. 65-171d; implementing K.S.A. 65-164, 65-165, 65-166, 65-166a, 65-171a, 65-171d, and 65-171h; effective, E-67-5, May 31, 1967; effective Jan. 1, 1968; amended Jan. 15, 1999; amended March 16, 2007; amended Nov. 19, 2021.)

28-18-14. Inspections. (a) Each operator shall provide all necessary specialized equipment, clothing, or appurtenances to enable any authorized representative to enter a confined feeding facility for inspection.

(b) Each operator that develops or modifies animal health protocols and that requests KDHE conformance with the protocols shall submit a copy of the protocols to the department within 30 days of establishing or modifying the animal health protocols.

(c) Each operator shall allow any authorized representative following animal health protocols access to any confined feeding facility to conduct an inspection of the animal waste management system. 

(d) Each operator shall allow any authorized representative access to conduct periodic inspections and review records at any confined feeding facility, scheduled as follows:

(1) For any confined feeding facility identified as having uncontrolled process wastes, every six months; or

(2) for any confined feeding facility not identified as having uncontrolled process wastes, at least once every five years if the confined feeding facility has a capacity of 300 or more animal units. (Authorized by K.S.A. 65-170b and 65-171d; implementing K.S.A. 65-164, 65-165, 65-166, 65-166a, 65-170b, 65-171d, and 65-171h; effective Jan. 15, 1999; amended March 16, 2007; amended Nov. 19, 2021.)

28-18-16. Waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan requirements. (a) Each operator shall notify the department of any intention to cease operation of, close, or abandon the waste-retention lagoon or pond.

(b) Each operator shall maintain and comply with a valid water pollution control permit for the confined feeding facility until closure of the waste-retention lagoon or pond is complete and all materials representing a threat to public health and the environment are removed.

(c) Each operator of a confined feeding facility located over the Equus Beds that is required to obtain a federal permit and proposes the new construction or expansion of a waste-retention lagoon or pond shall develop a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan. The operator shall submit the waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan with the permit application to the department for consideration for approval. When submitting waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plans, each operator shall submit four paper copies or shall transmit an electronic copy of the closure plan.

(d) Each operator of a confined feeding facility required to obtain a federal permit shall develop a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan if all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The waste-retention lagoon or pond is located over the Equus Beds.

(2) The operator is applying for the renewal of the permit after the effective date of this regulation.

(3) The operator does not have an approved waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan. The operator shall submit the closure plan with the permit renewal application to the department. When submitting a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan, the operator shall submit four paper copies or shall transmit an electronic copy of the plan.

(e) Each operator of a confined feeding facility with a waste-retention lagoon or pond shall submit a closure plan that includes the following information:

(1) A description of all animal waste management system components utilized to contain, control, or store process wastes at the facility;

(2) a description of the procedures to be employed to remove and dispose of animal or other process wastes;

(3) a description of the maintenance, deactivation, conversion, or demolition of all waste-retention lagoons or ponds or the closure of any waste-retention lagoon or pond by one of the following methods:

(A) Removing the berms and leveling and revegetating the site to provide erosion control;

(B) leaving the structure or structures in place for use as a freshwater farm pond or reservoir;

(C) retaining the structure or structures for future use as a part of an animal waste management system; or

(D) using any other method approved by the secretary that will be protective of the environment and meet all statutory and regulatory requirements; and

(4) a description of, and detailed drawings for, the plugging of any water or groundwater monitoring wells at the confined feeding facility.

(f) Each operator of a confined feeding facility required to have a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan shall amend and submit the amended plan to the department for approval whenever specifically directed by the secretary or whenever warranted by one or more of the following:

(1) Any significant changes in operation of the confined feeding facility;

(2) any significant change or modification in the animal waste management system; or

(3) any other significant conditions affecting the confined feeding facility or the animal waste management system.

(g) Each operator of a confined feeding facility required to develop a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan shall retain the current plan at the site office of the confined feeding facility or at a central records location in a manner that is accessible to inspection by any authorized representative.

(h) Within six months before the closure of a waste-retention lagoon or pond, the operator shall perform either of the following:

(1) Notification to the department of the proposed closure of the waste-retention lagoon or pond; or

(2) termination of operations for any confined feeding facility for which the operator is required to develop and implement a waste-retention lagoon or pond closure plan.

(i) Each operator seeking an extension of time for closure shall submit a written request detailing the reasons to the secretary. Only weather conditions or the legal change in ownership of the confined feeding facility shall be grounds for an extension.

(j) If the operator of a confined feeding facility is unwilling or unable to properly close the waste-retention lagoon or pond, the owner of the confined feeding facility and the property owner shall be responsible for closing the waste-retention lagoon or pond in a manner that protects the waters of the state, public health, and the environment. (Authorized by K.S.A. 65-171d; implementing K.S.A. 65-164, 65-165, 65-166, 65-166a, 65-171d, and 65-171h; effective March 16, 2007; amended Nov. 19, 2021.)

28-18-17. Groundwater protection requirements for waste-retention lagoons or ponds and waste treatment facilities. (a) The provisions of this article of the department’s regulations shall not apply to any permitted waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility that was in existence on March 16, 2007 or that the secretary approved for construction before March 16, 2007, unless information becomes available showing that the waste-retention lagoon or pond or the waste treatment facility presents an imminent threat to public health or the environment.

(b)(1) The provisions of this article of the department’s regulations shall not apply to any existing or proposed waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility located at a confined feeding facility if all of the following conditions are met:

(A) The confined feeding facility existed on July 1, 1994.

(B) The operator registered the confined feeding facility with the secretary before July 1, 1996.

(C) The capacity of the existing or proposed waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility is not greater than what was necessary to serve the confined feeding facility as described in the registration application submitted before July 1, 1996.

(D) The separation distance from the bottom of the existing or proposed waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility to groundwater is less than 10 feet.

(2) Each operator of a confined feeding facility meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) and proposing to use a waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility shall propose site-specific groundwater protection measures for the secretary’s consideration for approval.

(c) Each new or expanded portion of a waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility other than those described in subsections (a) and (b) shall be located at least 10 feet above the static groundwater level, as measured from the lowest elevation of the finished interior grade of the waste-retention lagoon or pond or the waste treatment facility. Each operator of or permit applicant for a confined feeding facility shall notify the department at least two days before performing any site investigations to determine the static groundwater level at the site.

(d) Each operator or permit applicant shall ensure that each liner for a new or expanded portion of a waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility meets the following requirements:

(1) If the new or expanded portion of the waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility is not located over the Equus Beds or in a sensitive groundwater area, the materials used for the liner shall have a seepage rate of no more than ¼ inch per day.

(2) If the new or expanded portion of the waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility is located in a sensitive groundwater area, the materials used for the liner shall have a seepage rate of no more than 1/10 inch per day.

(3) If the new or expanded portion of the waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility is located over the Equus Beds, either an impermeable synthetic membrane liner shall be used or the material used for the liner shall consist of either of the following:

(A) Two or more layers of compacted soil designed to have a seepage rate of no more than 1/10 inch per day. To demonstrate that this seepage requirement is met, the soil liner seepage rate shall be determined within 12 months of placing the waste-retention lagoon or pond or waste treatment facility into operation. The test method used shall be the whole pond seepage test; or

(B) any material that has been approved through the variance process required by K.A.R. 28-18-15.

(e) Each permit applicant or operator that conducts testing to determine the seepage rate shall submit four paper copies or shall transmit an electronic copy of the test results to the department.

(f) An imminent threat to public health or the environment may be deemed to exist if physical, chemical, biological, or radiological substances or a combination of these substances is released into subsurface waters of the state and results in a concentration or amount of a substance in excess of the numerical criteria designated for aquatic life protection, agricultural use, or public health protection as provided in the “Kansas surface water quality standards: tables of numeric criteria,” which is adopted by reference in K.A.R. 28-16-28e. If the background concentration of a substance is naturally occurring and is greater than the numerical criterion, the background concentration shall be considered the criterion. (Authorized by K.S.A. 65-171d; implementing K.S.A. 65-164, 65-165, 65-166, 65-166a, 65-171d, and 65-171h; effective March 16, 2007; amended Nov. 19, 2021.)

Article 18a.—SWINE AND RELATED WASTE CONTROL

28-18a-24. Financial assurance for swine waste-retention lagoon or pond closure. (a) Before January 15 each year, each swine operator of a swine facility with an animal unit capacity of 3,725 or more that utilizes swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds shall provide evidence, satisfactory to the department, that the swine operator has the financial ability to cover the cost of closure of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds as required by the department.

(b) For new construction or new expansion of a swine facility with a proposed animal unit capacity of 3,725 or more that employs the use of swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds, the swine operator shall provide evidence, satisfactory to the department, that the swine operator has the financial ability to cover the cost of closure of the proposed swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds at the time the application is submitted to the department for review.

(c) Each swine operator of a swine facility with an animal unit capacity of 3,725 or more shall submit, as a part of the evidence provided to the department, a detailed written estimate in current dollars of the cost to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds in a manner acceptable to the department. The estimate shall be prepared by a professional engineer or consultant approved by the department.

(d) To estimate the cost to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds, the swine operator shall consider the following:

(1) The cost of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds closure by determining the cost of a third party to collect and dispose of all swine or other process wastes stored or retained on-site in the lagoons or ponds at a specifically identified off-site application area; and

(2) all swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds to be 100 percent full, for the purpose of estimating costs.

(e) Each swine operator shall increase the closure cost estimate and the amount of financial assurance provided if changes in the swine facility closure plan addressing the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds or a change in operation increase the maximum cost of closure at any time.

(f) Each swine operator shall provide continuous financial assurance for the cost of closure until the department determines the closure of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds to be acceptable.

(g) Mechanisms used to demonstrate financial assurance shall ensure that the funds necessary to meet the cost to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds required by K.A.R. 28-18a-22 are accessible to the department in a timely fashion when needed. In establishing financial assurance for the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds closure, swine operators shall utilize one or more of the following options:

(1) Trust fund;

(2) surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance;

(3) letter of credit;

(4) insurance; or

(5) self-insurance.

(h) If a swine operator utilizes a trust fund for financial assurance, the swine operator shall meet following requirements:

(1) The swine operator shall provide for a trustee that shall be an entity that has the authority to act as a trustee and whose trust operations are regulated and examined by a federal or state agency. A copy of the trust agreement shall be provided to the department.

(2) The swine operator shall provide authority for the department or person authorized by the department to implement the closure to request and obtain reimbursement for closure expenditures from the trustee. Requests for reimbursement shall be granted by the trustee, to the limit of the funds in the trust fund and with proper documentation of the incurred costs.

(3) The swine operator shall maintain the trust fund until an alternative financial assurance mechanism is approved by the department and is in place or shall cease operations and close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds before the trust fund is terminated, unless the operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance.

(i) If a swine operator utilizes a surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance for financial assurance, the swine operator shall meet the following requirements:

(1) Obtain a surety bond, with the penal sum of the bond in an amount at least equal to the estimated swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds closure cost;

(2) provide the department with a copy of the bond;

(3) obtain the bond from a company that is licensed to issue bonds in Kansas;

(4) provide in the bond that the surety becomes liable on the bond obligation when the swine operator fails to perform as guaranteed by the bond;

(5) establish a standby trust fund;

(6) provide that payments made under the terms of the bond shall be deposited by the surety directly into the standby trust fund. Payments from the trust fund shall be made by the trustee to the limit of the bond amount when proper documentation of the incurred costs is provided; and

(7) obtain a bond providing that the surety may cancel the bond by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the swine operator and the department at least 120 days in advance of the cancellation. If the surety cancels the bond, the swine operator shall obtain alternative financial assurance before the cancellation or shall cease operations and close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds before the cancellation date of the bond, unless the swine operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance.

(j) If a swine operator utilizes a letter of credit for financial assurance, the swine operator shall meet the following requirements:

(1) Obtain an irrevocable standby letter of credit by which the issuing institution shall be an entity that has authority to issue letters of credit and whose letter of credit operations are regulated by a federal or state agency. The letter of credit shall be in a form that constitutes an unconditional promise to pay and shall be in a form negotiable by the department;

(2) provide the department with a copy of the letter of credit. Information contained in the letter of credit or provided by the swine operator shall include the name, location, and permit number of the swine facility and the amount of funds assured;

(3) provide an irrevocable letter of credit issued for at least one year in an amount at least equal to the current cost estimate for closure of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds. The letter of credit shall provide that the expiration date shall be automatically extended for at least one year unless the issuing institution has canceled the letter of credit by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the swine operator and department at least 120 days in advance of cancellation. If the letter of credit is canceled by the issuing institution, the swine operator shall obtain alternative financial assurance before the cancellation or shall cease operations and close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds before the cancellation date of the letter of credit, unless the swine operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance; and

(4) cancel the letter of credit only if alternative financial assurance, approved by the secretary, is substituted or if the swine operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance.

(k) If a swine operator utilizes insurance for financial assurance, the swine operator shall meet the following requirements:

(1) Obtain insurance coverage for at least one year in an amount at least equal to the current cost estimate for closure of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds;

(2) obtain insurance from an insurer authorized to sell insurance in Kansas;

(3) provide the department with a copy of the insurance policy;

(4) ensure that the insurance policy guarantees that funds shall be available to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds if the swine operator is unable or unwilling to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds in accordance with the swine facility closure plan approved by the department;

(5) ensure that the insurance policy provides that the insurer is responsible for the payment of the department or person authorized to close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds. Payments by the insurer for the policy shall be made to the limit of the policy amount when proper documentation of the incurred costs is provided;

(6) ensure that the insurance policy shall provide that the insurer shall not cancel, terminate, or fail to renew the policy except for failure to pay the premium. The automatic renewal of the policy shall, at a minimum, provide the insured with the option of renewal at the face amount of the expiring policy. If there is a failure to pay the premium, the insurer may cancel the policy by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the swine operator and the department at least 120 days in advance of the cancellation;

(7) if the insurer cancels the policy, obtain alternative financial assurance before the cancellation or cease operations and close the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds before the cancellation date of the insurance policy, unless the swine operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance; and

(8) cancel the insurance policy only if alternative financial assurance, approved by the department, is substituted or if the swine operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial assurance.

(l) If a swine operator utilizes self-insurance for financial assurance, the swine operator shall meet the following requirements:

(1) Submit a financial statement, prepared by a certified public accountant, listing tangible assets and total liabilities of the swine operator. The assets shall not include the value of the swine at the swine facility. The financial statement shall include a general release by the swine operator, providing the department authorization for verification with banks or other financial institutions; and

(2) provide an indication on the financial statement of whether the tangible assets, less the total liabilities, are satisfactory to cover the estimated cost of closure. The financial statement shall note the estimated cost of closure utilized.

(m) Each swine operator that utilizes multiple financial assurance mechanisms shall meet both of the following requirements:

(1) Use only the financial assurance mechanisms specified in this regulation; and

(2) submit documentation to the department that confirms that the total coverage of all the financial mechanisms utilized provides an amount at least equal to the current cost estimate for closure of the swine waste-retention lagoons or ponds. (Authorized by and implementing K.S.A. 65-171d and 65-1,190; effective Jan. 15, 1999; amended Nov. 19, 2021.)

Lee A. Norman, M.D.
Secretary

Doc. No. 049546