102-1-5a. Supervised experience and supervisor qualifications. (a) Supervised experience. Each applicant for licensure as a psychologist shall demonstrate satisfactory completion of two years of supervised experience in the practice of psychology, one year of which may be predoctoral supervised experience and at least one year of which shall be postdoctoral supervised experience, unless the applicant meets the requirements in paragraph (b)(2).
(b) Predoctoral supervised experience.
(1) The year of predoctoral supervised experience shall meet the internship requirements specified in K.A.R. 102-1-12(b)(11).
(2) This year of predoctoral supervision may be completed on a postdoctoral basis if the applicant completes the predoctoral supervision while successfully completing a program that meets both of the following requirements:
(A) Prepares the applicant to practice in an area of emphasis that is different from the area of emphasis that the applicant originally completed when the applicant received the doctoral degree; and
(B) substantially complies with the program requirements of K.A.R. 102-1-12.
(c) Postdoctoral supervised experience. The postdoctoral supervised experience shall meet the following requirements:
(1) The supervised experience shall be attained in a public or private setting, institution, or organization that provides the supervisee with contact with other disciplines, the opportunity to utilize a variety of theories, and the opportunity to work with a broad range of populations and techniques.
(2) At least 900 hours of supervised experience each year shall be spent providing clinical psychological services.
(3) At least 180 hours of supervised experience each year shall be spent providing general or nonclinical psychological services.
(4) The supervised clinical experience shall be consistent with the supervisee's educational background and with the area of emphasis in which the applicant intends to offer services to the public. At least one-half of the supervisee's general training experience shall be relevant to the supervisee's emphasis area, which may include clinical psychology, counseling psychology, school psychology, industrial psychology, or organizational psychology.
(d) Supervisor qualifications. Each supervisor of a person who is obtaining the supervised experience required to become licensed as a psychologist shall meet the following requirements:
(1) If providing general training supervision, be a licensed or certified provider of a health-related service when the supervision occurred or, if the experience occurs in a state or jurisdiction without a provision for licensing or certifying that health-related profession, have attained the appropriate degree or training in the topic area in which supervision is provided;
(2) if providing supervision for the predoctoral supervised experience, be licensed at the doctoral level in psychology;
(3) if providing supervision for the postdoctoral supervised experience, have at least two years of experience that includes the clinical practice of psychology after the date of licensure at the doctoral level in psychology;
(4) meet at least one of the following conditions:
(i) Be a staff member of the practice setting or have an understanding of the practice setting's organization and administrative policies and procedures; or
(ii) be vested by the agency with authority over the supervisee's professional contacts with each of the supervisee's clients or patients. This authority shall be focused on the supervisee's skills as well as the welfare of those clients or patients whose treatment the supervisor is reviewing;
(5) if the supervisor is not employed by the public or private institution or agency that employs the supervisee, ensure that the scope of the supervisor's own responsibility and authority in that practice setting has been clearly defined;
(6) not have a familial or harmful dual relationship with the supervisee;
(7) not be under sanction from a disciplinary proceeding, unless this prohibition is waived by the board for good cause shown by the proposed supervisor; and
(8) use forms supplied by the board and submit information that is sufficiently detailed regarding the supervisee's application for psychology licensure to enable the board to evaluate the extent and quality of the supervisee's supervised experience.
(e) Supervised experience requirements.
(1) For predoctoral psychology experience settings, the supervisor shall provide one hour of individual clinical supervision for every 10 hours during which the supervisee has direct patient or client contact.
(2) For postdoctoral supervised experience settings, the supervisor shall provide one hour of individual clinical supervision for every 20 hours during which the supervisee has direct patient or client contact.
(3) The supervisor, in addition to meeting the requirements in subsection (d), shall perform the following:
(A) Provide individual face-to-face supervision by meeting in person or, if confidentiality is technologically protected, by televideo, with the supervisee. The means of supervision shall have the ability to include discussion, observation, and review of documentation. When meeting face-to-face is not practical due to extenuating circumstances approved by the board, telephonic supervision may be approved by the board;
(B) be available to the supervisee at the points of decision making regarding the diagnosis and treatment of clients or patients;
(C) conduct supervision as a process that is distinct from providing personal therapy, didactic instruction, or consultation;
(D) in conjunction with the supervisee, review and evaluate the psychological services delivered and procedures used;
(E) ensure that each client or patient knows that the supervisee is practicing psychology under supervision;
(F) be available to the supervisee for emergency consultation and intervention; and
(G) maintain documentation of the supervision that details each type of the psychological services and procedures in which the supervisee engages and the supervisee's competence in each.
(f) Supervisee requirements. Each person attaining the supervised experience necessary for licensure as a psychologist shall meet the following requirements:
(1) Fully participate in the supervisory process in a responsible manner; and
(2) inform, in writing, each client or patient for whom the supervisee is practicing psychology of the name of and the means to contact the supervisor. (Authorized by K.S.A. 74-7507; implementing K.S.A. 2021 Supp. 74-5310 and K.S.A. 74-5317; effective Oct. 27, 2000; amended March 10, 2006; amended Dec. 16, 2022.)